September 26, 2023
Activity series

Activity series

Activity series

Activity series The hobby collection is a listing of metals and their half-reactions organized so as of lowering ease of oxidation or growing capacity to take an electron.

How do you operate this collection? Activity series

Very truly, any substance at the right-hand aspect of the arrows might be sturdy sufficient to take an electron from any substance above it at the left-hand aspect of the arrows.

For example, if a Ag+ cation receives near an Fe atom then the Ag+ cation will take an electron farfar from the Fe atom. In phrases of a chemical response the hobby collection predicts

2Ag+ + Fe β†’ 2 Ag + Fe2+ Activity series

In contrast, while a Fe2+ cation meets a Ag atom, the Fe2+ cation will now no longer be sturdy sufficient to take electrons farfar from the Ag atom. That is,

2 Ag + Fe2+ —X→ 2Ag+ + Fe

What occurs while we blend Ca steel and HCl acid?

Ca(s) + HCl(aq) β†’ ?

First, we write the whole ionic equation for the reactants.

Ca(s) + H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) β†’

Then we ask if H+(aq) is powerful sufficient to take an electron farfar from Ca(s)?

We study the hobby collection and notice that H+ is under Ca so H+(aq) can certainly take an electron from Ca(s). Now we are able to write the 2 half-reactions for this response. Since H+(aq) profits electrons, it undergoes reduction, so we write its half-response as

2H+(aq) + 2 e- β†’ H2(g)

And, on the grounds that Ca loses electrons, it undergoes oxidation, so we we write its half-response as

Ca(s) β†’ Ca2+(aq) + 2e-

Finally to get a internet ionic equation we upload those half-reactions collectively to obtain:

Ca(s) + 2H+(aq) β†’ Ca2+(aq) + H2(g)

Activity series
Activity series

Again making sure that each one the electrons on each aspects of the equation cancel. After placing the spectator ions lower back in we are able to write the balanced molecular equation:

Ca(s) + 2HCl(aq) β†’ CaCl2(aq) + H2(g)

Using the hobby collection are you able to give an explanation for why the metals gold, silver, platinum, and palladium are so exceedingly valued and known as the treasured metals?

Generally, many metals will react with acids to shape a salt and hydrogen gas.

Metal + Acid β†’ Salt + H2(g)

Let`s study a few different examples. What do you count on will appear while Zn steel is placed right into a beaker of HCl(aq)

Using the sports collection we are able to are expecting:

Zn(s) + 2 HCl(aq) β†’ Zn2+ + 2 Cl- + H2(g)

how approximately while Cu steel is placed right into a beaker of HCl(aq)? In this situation the hobby collection tell’s us there may be no response. So in summary, via way of means of truly searching on the Activity Series you could are expecting which redox reactions will arise and which won’t.

What will appear while copper cord is positioned right into a AgNO3 solution?

The whole ionic equation for the reactants is

Cu(s) + Ag+(aq) + NO3-(aq) β†’ ?

From the hobby collection we see that Ag+ is more potent than Cu so a response will arise. The half-reactions are:

Cu(s) β†’ Cu2+(aq) + 2 e-
2(Ag+(aq) + e- β†’ Ag(s))
Cu(s) + 2 Ag+(aq) β†’ Cu2+(aq) + Ag(s)
Homework from Chemisty, The Central Science, tenth Ed.
4.19, 4.21, 4.23, 4.25, 4.27, 4.39, 4.41, 4.43, 4.45, 4.47, 4.49, 4.51, 4.53, 4.55, 4.57

β€Ή Reduction-Oxidation ReactionsupOxidation States β€Ί

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